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General: Ruby

           Rubies are mined in Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Kashmir India, Kenya, Tanzania, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Madagascar, and Cambodia. They have also been found in the U.S. in Montana, North Carolina, and South Carolina.

          Ruby is a translucent purple-red to orange-red precious gemstone, a type of corundum (very hard aluminum oxide crystals). Pure corundum is colorless. The red color comes from traces of chromium, and orange-brown hues are the influence of iron. All other color corundum are called sapphires. Rubies are one of the hardest minerals, at 9.0 on the Mohs scale of hardness. Star ruby has rutile inclusions that reflect light.
           Color is the most important aspect of ruby value. “Pidgeon Blood Red” rubies (bright red with a slight bluish hue) are the most sought-after and most expensive. Next in importance is clarity; translucent stones are valued higher. Rubies are often heated to make them brighter and redder.

Birthdays & Anniversaries:
          Ruby is associated with the astrological signs of Leo, Scorpio, Cancer, and Sagittarius.
           Ruby is the modern, Tibetan, and Ayurvedic birthstone for July; the Hindu birthstone for January and August; and the Ayurvedic, Hebrew, Arabic, Roman birthstone for December. Ruby is also associated with the 40th wedding anniversary.

          The name ruby comes from the Latin word ruber, meaning red. For thousands of year ruby has been the world's most valuable gemstone. The Sanskrit name for ruby means "king of precious stones.” Over the centuries, rubies have been used ornamentally and for the magical properties they were believed to possess. They were set in armor to protect against wounds, placed under building foundations to protect the structure, and were thought to protect a person’s status and fortune.
           Rubies are rarer and therefore more expensive than diamonds.

Crystal Healing:
          Ruby is used to treat circulatory and heart issues. It’s a high-energy healing stone associated with the heart chakra. Ruby is also used to help release anger and frustration in a positive way, and to reduce nightmares.
          A fiery, passionate stone, ruby is valued for inspiring love & nurturing, enhancing intuition & creativity, stimulating self-esteem & courage, and encouraging integrity & leadership qualities. It is a stone of passion and personal values, a focus of the creative and driving energies within.