Birthstones by Month

The modern list of birthstones was adopted by the American National Retail Jewellers Association in 1912. It was taken from various traditions and adapted to include the most marketable gemstones. Below I've listed this widely-accepted list alongside some traditional ones.

Month January February March April May June
Modern Garnet Amethyst Aquamarine Diamond Emerald Pearl, Moonstone
Traditional Rose Quartz Onyx Bloodstone Clear Quartz Chrysoprase Alexandrite
Tibetan Emerald Bloodstone Jade Opal Sapphire Moonstone
Ayurvedic Garnet Amethyst Bloodstone Diamond Agate Pearl
Hindu Ruby Topaz Opal Diamond Emerald Pearl
Hebrew Garnet Amethyst Bloodstone Sapphire Agate Emerald
Arabic Garnet Amethyst Bloodstone Sapphire Emerald Agate
Roman Garnet Amethyst Bloodstone Sapphire Agate Emerald

Month July August September October November December
Modern Ruby Peridot, Sardonyx Sapphire Opal Yellow Topaz Blue Topaz
Traditional Carnelian Jade Sapphire Tourmaline Citrine Turquoise, Lapis Lazuli
Tibetan Ruby Diamond Agate Jasper Pearl Black Onyx
Ayurvedic Ruby Sapphire Moonstone Opal Topaz Ruby
Hindu Sapphire Ruby Zircon Coral Tigereye Topaz
Hebrew Onyx Carnelian Peridot Aquamarine Yellow Topaz Ruby
Arabic Carnelian Sardonyx Peridot Aquamarine Yellow Topaz Ruby
Roman Onyx Carnelian Sardonyx Aquamarine Yellow Topaz Ruby

Birthstones by Zodiac

The controversy over birthstones often centers around the assignment of stones by month rather than by zodiac. There are many ways to find your birthstone; aside from month or zodiac, there are stones for the day of the week and the hour in which you were born. Below are the commonly accepted birthstones for each sign of the zodiac, along with some alternative birthstones and talisman stones.

Sign Dates Birthstone Alt Birthstone / Talisman Stones
Aries (March 22 - April 20) Bloodstone Diamond, Jasper
Taurus (April 21 - May 21) Sapphire Rose Quartz, Aventurine, Coral, Turquoise
Gemini (May 22 - June 21) Agate Moonstone, Pearl, Chrysoprase
Cancer (June 22 - July 22) Emerald Moonstone, Pearl, Ruby
Leo (July 23 - August 22) Onyx Carnelian, Tourmaline, Sardonyx
Virgo (August 23 - September 22) Carnelian Moss Agate, Jade, Sapphire, Citrine
Libra (September 23 - October 23) Peridot Opal, Lapis Lazuli
Scorpio (October 24 - November 21) Aquamarine Opal, Topaz
Sagittarius (November 22 - December 21) Topaz Lapis Lazuli, Turquoise
Capricorn (December 22 - January 21) Ruby Agate, Garnet
Aquarius (January 21 - February 21) Garnet Moss Agate, Amethyst
Pisces (February 22 - March 21) Amethyst Clear Quartz, Sapphire, Bloodstone